The Minnesota Senate is the upper house of the Legislature of the U.S. state of Minnesota. At 67 members, half as many as the Minnesota House of Representatives, it is the largest upper house of any U.S. state legislature.[2] Floor sessions are held in the west wing of the State Capitol in Saint Paul. Committee hearings, as well as offices for senators and staff, are located north of the State Capitol in the Minnesota Senate Building. Each member of the Minnesota Senate represents approximately 80,000 constituents.[3]


The Minnesota Senate held its first regular session on December 2, 1857.[4]


In addition to its legislative powers, certain appointments by the governor are subject to the Senate’s advice and consent. As state law provides for hundreds of executive appointments, the vast majority of appointees serve without being confirmed by the Senate; only in rare instances are appointees are rejected by the body.[5] The Senate has rejected only nine executive appointments since 2000.[6]


Each Senate district is split between an A and B House district (e.g., Senate District 41 contains House districts 41A and 41B). The Minnesota Constitution forbids a House district to be within more than one Senate district.[7]

In order to account for decennial redistricting, members run for one two-year term and two four-year terms each decade. Senators are elected for four-year terms in years ending in 2 and 6, and for two-year terms in years ending in 0.[8] Districts are redrawn after the decennial United States Census in time for the primary and general elections in years ending in 2. The most recent election was held on November 3, 2020.


Jeremy Miller, a Republican from Winona, has served as Senate Majority Leader since 2021.

From statehood through 1972, the lieutenant governor served as president of the Senate. In 1972, voters approved a constitutional amendment that provided for the Senate to elect its own president beginning January 1973.[9] The president, who presides over official Senate proceedings, also acts as the parliamentarian and oversees the secretary of the senate.[10]

The majority leader is responsible for managing and scheduling the business of the Senate and oversees partisan and nonpartisan staff. The current majority leader is Jeremy Miller, a Republican from Winona.[11] The current minority leader is Melisa Franzen, a Democrat from Edina.[12] Each caucus also selects its own leaders and deputy leaders.

Minnesota Senate Building

Committee hearings primarily take place in the Minnesota Senate Building, a 293,000 square feet office building that opened in January 2016.[13] The $90 million office building, which is located north of the State Capitol across University Avenue includes three committee hearing rooms, offices for all senators and staff, a raised terrace overlooking the State Capitol, and a 264-space underground parking facility.[14]

The 2016 session was held in the newly-constructed Minnesota Senate Building due to an extensive restoration at the State Capitol. It was the first time the Senate held a regular session outside of the State Capitol since its opening in 1905.[15]


92nd Minnesota Legislature (2021–2023)

(Shading indicates majority caucus)
End of the previous Legislature34230661
Begin 202134231670
Latest voting share51%3%46%

Members, 2021-2023

Senate districts

DistrictNamePartyResidenceFirst elected
1Mark JohnsonRepublicanEast Grand Forks2016
2Paul UtkeRepublicanPark Rapids2016
3Tom BakkIndependentCook2002
4Kent EkenDFLTwin Valley2012
5Justin EichornRepublicanGrand Rapids2016
6David TomassoniIndependentChisholm2000
7Jen McEwenDFLDuluth2020
8Bill IngebrigtsenRepublicanAlexandria2006
9Paul GazelkaRepublicanNisswa2010
10Carrie RuudRepublicanBreezy Point2002[nb 1]
11Jason RarickRepublicanPine City2019[nb 2]
12Torrey WestromRepublicanElbow Lake2012
Jeff HoweRepublicanRockville2018[nb 2]
Aric PutnamDFLSt. Cloud2020
Andrew MathewsRepublicanMilaca2016
Gary DahmsRepublicanRedwood Falls2010
Andrew LangRepublicanOlivia2016
Scott NewmanRepublicanHutchinson2010
19Nick FrentzDFLNorth Mankato2016
20Rich DraheimRepublicanMadison Lake2016
Mike GogginRepublicanRed Wing2016
Bill WeberRepublicanLuverne2012
Julie RosenRepublicanVernon Center2002
John JasinskiRepublicanFaribault2016
Dave SenjemRepublicanRochester2002
Carla NelsonRepublicanRochester2010
Gene DorninkRepublicanAustin2020
Jeremy MillerRepublicanWinona2010
Bruce AndersonRepublicanBuffalo Township2012
Mary KiffmeyerRepublicanBig Lake2012
Michelle BensonRepublicanHam Lake2010
Mark KoranRepublicanNorth Branch2016
David OsmekRepublicanMound2012
Warren LimmerRepublicanMaple Grove1995[nb 2]
Jim AbelerRepublicanAnoka2016[nb 2]
36John HoffmanDFLChamplin2012
37Jerry NewtonDFLCoon Rapids2016
38Roger ChamberlainRepublicanLino Lakes2010
Karin HousleyRepublicanStillwater2012
Chris EatonDFLBrooklyn Center2011[nb 2]
Mary Kunesh-PodeinDFLNew Brighton2020
Jason IsaacsonDFLShoreview2016
Chuck WigerDFLMaplewood1996
Ann Johnson StewartDFLPlymouth2020
Ann RestDFLNew Hope2000
Ron LatzDFLSt. Louis Park2006
Julia ColemanRepublicanChanhassen2020
Steve CwodzinskiDFLEden Prairie2016
Melisa FranzenDFLEdina2012
Melissa Halvorson WiklundDFLBloomington2012
Jim CarlsonDFLEagan2006[nb 3]
Matt KleinDFLMendota Heights2016
Susan KentDFLWoodbury2012
Karla BighamDFLCottage Grove2018[nb 2]
Eric PrattRepublicanPrior Lake2012
Lindsey PortDFLBurnsville2020
Greg ClausenDFLApple Valley2012
Zach DuckworthRepublicanLakeville2020
Bobby Joe ChampionDFLMinneapolis2012
60Kari DziedzicDFLMinneapolis2012[nb 2]
Scott DibbleDFLMinneapolis2002
Omar FatehDFLMinneapolis2020
Patricia Torres RayDFLMinneapolis2006
Erin MurphyDFLSaint Paul2020
Sandy PappasDFLSaint Paul1990
John MartyDFLRoseville1986
67Foung HawjDFLSaint Paul2012

See also


  1. ^ Lost re-election in 2006. Elected again in 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Elected in a special election.[16]
  3. ^ Lost re-election 2010. Elected again in 2012.


  1. ^ Van Oot, Torey. “Minnesota legislators set to get $1,500 pay raise”. Star Tribune. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  2. ^ Legislatures, National Conference of State. “Number of Legislators and Length of Terms in Years”. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  3. ^ “Frequently Asked Questions – – Minnesota Legislature”. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  4. ^ “Sessions of the Minnesota State Legislature and the Minnesota Territorial Legislature, 1849-present”. Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  5. ^ “Creation and Organization of Executive Branch Agencies”. Minnesota House of Representatives Research Department. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  6. ^ “Senate Confirmations: Problematic Governor Appointments – Minnesota Legislative Reference Library”. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  7. ^ “Minn. Const. art. IV, § 3”. Constitution of the State of Minnesota. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  8. ^ “Minn. Const. art. IV, § 4”. Constitution of the State of Minnesota. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  9. ^ “President and President Pro Tempore of the Minnesota Senate, 1849-present”. Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  10. ^ “Minnesota Senate President and President Pro Tempore, 1849-present – Minnesota Legislative Reference Library”. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  11. ^ “Majority and Minority Leaders of the Minnesota Senate, 1933-present”. Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  12. ^ “Senate Member Information 2021 – 2022”. Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  13. ^ Davis, Don (January 11, 2016). “Minnesota Senate Building quietly opens in spite of disagree…” Forum News Service. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  14. ^ “After controversy, new Minnesota Senate Office Building finally opens”. Twin Cities. January 11, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  15. ^ Stassen-Berger, Rachel E. (August 6, 2017). “How the newly restored Minnesota Capitol came to be”. St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  16. ^ “Party Control of the Minnesota Senate, 1951-present”. Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 44°57′19″N 93°6′10″W / 44.95528°N 93.10278°W / 44.95528; -93.10278