Dean Phillips MN-03

Dean Phillips


Current Position: US Representative of MN District 3 since 2019
Affiliation: Democrat
Candidate: President
Former Position: Business owner from 1991 – 2019
Other Positions:  Subcommittee on Investigations, Oversight, and Regulations – Small Business committee
District:  suburbs of Hennepin and Anoka counties to the west, south, and north of Minneapolis.  
Upcoming Election:

Phillips has both owned and started several companies in addition to serving as president and CEO of his family’s liquor business, the Phillips Distilling Company.He is the former co-owner of Talenti gelato and co-owns Penny’s Coffee. On November 24, 2023, Phillips announced that he would not run for reelection.

In 2023, he announced his intent to challenge Biden for the Democratic nomination in the 2024 presidential election.

Featured Quote: 
To the community I love: If you’re feeling fearful and anxious this week, imagine feeling this way every day of your life and employ that empathy as inspiration to ensure that future American generations ALL know justice, peace, and opportunity.

Fox News: Rep. Phillips’s Mission to Inspire Collaboration in Congress

OnAir Post: Dean Phillips MN-03



Source: Government page

Dean Phillips 1Dean Phillips is a father, businessman, civic leader, and newly-elected Representative for Minnesota’s Third Congressional District.

A Gold Star Son who lost his birth father, Artie, in the Vietnam War, Dean was adopted into the Phillips family when his mother DeeDee married Eddie Phillips, who raised Dean to work hard and always share success.

Dean attended Brown University before returning to Minnesota to earn his MBA from the University of Minnesota’s Carlson School of Business. After working at a variety of startup businesses, he joined his family business, Phillips Distilling, which he eventually led. He later went on to help build Talenti Gelato into one of the top-selling ice cream brands in the country. He is now co-owner of Penny’s Coffee, a small business with two locations and more on the way.

In Congress, Dean is focused on campaign finance, electoral and ethics reforms, and addressing healthcare costs, global climate change and our nation’s gun violence epidemic. He is a member of the House Ethics, Financial Services and Foreign Affairs Committees, as well as the Democracy Reform Task Force and the Gun Violence Prevention Task Force.


Full Name: Dean Benson Phillips

Gender: Male

Family: Divorced; 2 Children: Daniela, Pia; Wife: Annalise

Birth Date: 01/20/1969

Birth Place: Saint Paul, MN

Home City: Deephaven, MN

Religion: Jewish

Source: Vote Smart


MBA, University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management, 1998-2000

BA, Urban Studies, Brown University, 1988-1991

Political Experience

Representative, United States House of Representatives, Minnesota, District 3, 2019-present

Candidate, United States House of Representatives, Minnesota, District 3, 2022

Professional Experience

Co-Founder, Penny’s Coffee, 2016-present

Partner, Talenti

Chair of the Board, Phillips Distilling Company, 2014-2017

Board Member, Board of Directors, Winmark Corporation, 2007-2014

President/Chief Executive Officer, Phillips Distilling Company, 1993-2012

Chair, Board of Directors, Allina Hospitals & Clinics, 2009-2011


Washington, DC Office
2452 Rayburn HOB
45 Independence Ave SW
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-2871
Fax: (202) 225-6351

Minnetonka Office
13911 Ridgedale Drive
Suite 200
Minnetonka, MN 55305
Phone: (952) 656-5176


Email: Government

Web Links


Source: none


Source: Open Secrets



As an entrepreneur and small business owner himself, Rep. Phillips brings valuable experience and a proven bipartisan record of results to the Small Business Committee and will remain focused on supporting those small businesses most impacted by the COVID pandemic. In his first term, Phillips authored the bipartisan Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Flexibility Act which helped thousands of small businesses access much-needed PPP funds and avoid further closures and layoffs. Minnesota’s Third Congressional District has more small businesses – generating more in payroll at $11.2 billion annually – than any other District in the state, according to the Small Business Administration.

“Small businesses in our community – from local burger joints to barbershops – are the glue that hold our communities together and power our economy, and they’re in crisis. We must do everything in our power to help them weather the storm so that they can help lead the economic recovery once we are through this pandemic. I’ll have the voices of Minnesota’s small business owners and entrepreneurs in mind as we provide the oversight necessary to ensure federal funds are accessible and equitably distributed and as we lay the groundwork for a prosperous future for our main street businesses.”


The bipartisan Select Committee on the Modernization of Congress was created in 2019 and tasked with making recommendations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Congress. After months of hearings, the Select Committee released 29 recommendations, including one inspired by Rep. Phillips to overhaul the onboarding process for freshmen members so that newly-elected Republicans and Democrats – who are normally separated by political party – spend more time together. As a new member of the Select Committee, Phillips will advance ideas, processes, and technologies that foster cooperation and restore Americans’ faith in government.

“Over my 30-year career in business and philanthropy, I observed hundreds of organizations, institutions, and enterprises throughout the world. I have never encountered one so utterly dysfunctional and in need of reformation as our Congress. A system that elevates dividers and ignores uniters, that promotes those who raise the most money for their party and sidelines those who raise the best ideas for their country, and that over appreciates tenure and under appreciates talent, makes a mockery of our Founders’ greatest contributions. It’s time for Congress to value winning policies over winning elections.”


Phillips will remain on the House Committee on Foreign Affairs for a second term. In an increasingly interconnected world, and after four years of increased tensions with allies around the world, his work on the committee will be far-reaching.

“The COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, and the spread of disinformation are global issues that won’t be solved with outdated, isolationist thinking. I look forward to working with Secretary of State Antony Blinken and my colleagues on the House Foreign Affairs Committee to rebuild our relationships with allies, reestablish American leadership in the world, and ensure the 21st century is one of expanding peace and prosperity.”


Phillips will remain on the House Ethics Committee for a second term. Committee members are tasked with supervising and enforcing ethics rules for the House of Representatives. It is the only standing committee with membership divided evenly between political parties; five Democrats and five Republicans.

“Restoring Americans’ faith in our government begins with cleaning up corruption and holding elected leaders accountable to the highest standards of ethics.” 


New Legislation

Sponsored and Cosponsored


Source: Campaign page

More Information


Source: Government page


Source: Wikipedia

Dean Phillips MN-03Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district encompasses the suburbs of Hennepin and Anoka counties to the west, south, and north of Minneapolis. The district, which is mostly suburban in character, includes a few farming communities on its far western edge and also inner-ring suburban areas on its eastern edge. The district includes the blue collar cities of Brooklyn Park and Coon Rapids to the north-east, middle-income Bloomington to the south, and higher-income Eden Prairie, Edina, Maple Grove, Plymouth, Minnetonka, and Wayzata to the west. Democrat Dean Phillips currently represents the district in the U.S. House of Representatives, after defeating incumbent Republican Erik Paulsen in the 2018 midterm elections.


Dean Benson Phillips[1] ( Pfefer; born January 20, 1969)[2] is an American businessman, politician, and former candidate for the 2024 Democratic Party presidential nomination who has served as the U.S. representative from Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district since 2019.[3] Phillips’s district encompasses the western suburbs of the Twin Cities, such as Bloomington, Minnetonka, Edina, Maple Grove, Plymouth, and Eden Prairie. A member of the Democratic Party, Phillips has both owned and started several companies in addition to serving as president and CEO of his family’s liquor business, the Phillips Distilling Company.[4][5][6] He is the former co-owner of Talenti gelato and co-owns Penny’s Coffee. On November 24, 2023, Phillips announced that he would not run for reelection to his congressional seat.[7]

First elected in 2018, Phillips defeated six-term Republican incumbent Erik Paulsen.[8] By flipping the previously Republican district, he became the first Democrat to win the seat since 1958. He has since been reelected twice by comfortable margins. Phillips is a Democrat who has consistently voted in support of President Joe Biden‘s positions. With a net worth of $77 million in 2018, Phillips is one of the wealthiest members of Congress.[9] He unsuccessfully challenged Biden for the Democratic nomination in the 2024 presidential election.[10][11] Phillips has received the second-highest number of delegates of any candidate in the 2024 Democratic Party presidential primaries (four).[12][13]

Early life, education, and career

Phillips was born to DeeDee (Cohen) and Artie Pfefer in Saint Paul, Minnesota, in 1969.[14] His biological father was killed in the Vietnam War six months after Phillips was born. His mother married Eddie Phillips, heir to the Phillips Distilling Company and the son of advice columnist Pauline Phillips (popularly known as Dear Abby),[15] in 1972. Eddie adopted Dean, who took the last name Phillips.[16] He was raised Jewish.[17]

In the early 1970s, Phillips moved from Saint Paul to Edina. He attended The Blake School.[18]

Phillips graduated from Brown University in 1991 and was a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. He worked for bicycle equipment and apparel company InMotion for two years, and then joined his family’s company’s corporate office. He later completed his Master of Business Administration at the University of Minnesota‘s Carlson School of Management in 2000. After graduation, he was named the president and CEO of his family’s organization, Phillips Distilling Company.[15]

Phillips served as the company’s president and CEO from 2000 to 2012. He then stepped aside to run one of his other corporate investments, Talenti gelato, until it was sold for an undisclosed amount to Unilever in 2014.[19] In 2016 he founded Penny’s Coffee, a coffeeshop chain he still owns, which has two locations in the Twin Cities metropolitan area as of 2022.[19]

U.S. House of Representatives



Phillips addressing the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party State Central Committee in 2017
Dean Phillips for Congress campaign booth at the Minnesota State Fair

In 2018, Phillips ran for the United States House of Representatives in Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district as a Democrat.[20] In the Democratic primary, he defeated former sales associate Cole Young with 81.6% of the vote. Phillips won all three counties in the district.[21]

In the general election, Phillips defeated incumbent Republican Erik Paulsen with 55.6% of the vote.[22] When he took office in 2019, he became the first Democrat to hold this seat since 1961.[citation needed]


Phillips ran for reelection in 2020. He defeated Cole Young in the Democratic primary with 90.7% of the vote[23] and faced off against the Republican nominee, businessman Kendall Qualls.[24] Phillips defeated Qualls with 55.6% of the vote.[25]


Phillips was unopposed in the Democratic primary. In the general election, he defeated the Republican nominee, retired U.S. Navy submarine officer Tom Weiler, with 60% of the vote.[26]


According to FiveThirtyEight's congressional vote tracker at ABC News, Phillips voted with President Joe Biden‘s stated public policy positions 100% of the time,[27] making him more liberal than average in the 117th Congress when predictive scoring (district partisanship and voting record) is used.[27] During the start of his first term in 2019, the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University placed him 27th out of 435 members in terms of bipartisanship.[28]

On December 20, 2023, Phillips signed on as a co-sponsor of the Medicare for All Act.[29] This marked a departure from his earlier position on healthcare; he said that he had previously been “convinced through propaganda that [single-payer healthcare] was a nonsensical leftist notion”.[30] He cited a confluence of factors that shifted his view in favor of Medicare for All, including his experience caring for his daughter who had been diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma, the financial strain of providing health insurance to his employees as a business owner, and the dynamics of representing a congressional district that includes the headquarters of UnitedHealth Group as well as many people who struggle to access healthcare.[31]

Committee assignments

For the 118th Congress:[32]

Caucus memberships

2024 presidential campaign

In July 2023, Phillips said he was considering challenging President Joe Biden in the 2024 Democratic presidential primaries.[35] In October 2023, he announced that he would step down as co-chair of the House Democratic Policy and Communications Committee because his views on the 2024 presidential race were incongruent with the majority of his caucus.[36] On October 27, in Concord, New Hampshire, he announced a run for the presidency[37] after he officially filed the paperwork with the Federal Election Commission the previous day.[38] Phillips said he would challenge to gain access to the primary ballots of several states where the Democratic Party had excluded him.[39][40] He accused representatives of the Biden campaign of pressuring liberal media outlets to not platform him.[41][42]

Phillips received his first endorsement from New Hampshire State Representative Steve Shurtleff, who said his main reason for doing so was Biden allowing the Democratic National Committee to attempt to strip the state of its first-in-the-nation status.[43] Shurtleff said in January 2023 that he would endorse a candidate other than Biden if this occurred.[44] New Hampshire State Representative Tom Schamberg also endorsed Phillips.

Andrew Yang consistently expressed support for Phillips’s campaign since soon after its launch, and co-hosted a campaign event with him in New Hampshire on January 18.[45]

In January 2024, billionaire hedge fund manager Bill Ackman said he supported Phillips’s campaign, donating $1 million to his We Deserve Better campaign PAC.[46]

Other notable people who endorsed Phillips are angel investor and podcaster Jason Calacanis,[47] political and corporate strategist Steve Schmidt,[48] and Jeffrey P. Weaver, political strategist and former campaign manager for Bernie Sanders.[49] Newspapers that endorsed Phillips are New Hampshire Union Leader[50] and The Detroit News.[51]

Phillips lost the New Hampshire Democratic primary to Biden, receiving 19.9% of the vote. Biden was a write-in candidate.[52] In the California primary, Phillips received 2.8% of the total votes cast, with 100,284 votes.[53]

On March 6, 2024, Phillips suspended his campaign following Super Tuesday and endorsed Joe Biden.[54]

Phillips has the second-most awarded delegates in the 2024 Democratic Party presidential primaries, with four.[55] In the Ohio Democratic presidential primary, he received three delegates to the Democratic National Convention,[56] meeting the 15% threshold of votes needed to receive a delegate in a congressional district in the state’s 2nd, 6th, and 14th districts.[57] In the Nebraska primary, Phillips earned one delegate by receiving the most votes of any candidate in Logan County, with 55.6% of the vote.[58] In the Oklahoma primary, he received a plurality in Cimarron County.[59][60][61] In the Missouri primary, he tied with Biden in Clark County.[62][63]

Electoral history

Phillips speaking at an event in June 2022


Democratic primary results, 2018
Democratic (DFL)Dean Phillips 56,697 81.6
Democratic (DFL)Cole Young12,78418.4
Total votes69,481 100.0
Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district, 2018
Democratic (DFL)Dean Phillips 202,402 55.6
RepublicanErik Paulsen (incumbent)160,83944.2
Total votes363,948 100
Democratic (DFL) gain from Republican


Democratic primary results, 2020[64]
Democratic (DFL)Dean Phillips (incumbent) 73,011 90.7
Democratic (DFL)Cole Young7,4439.3
Total votes80,454 100.0
Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district, 2020[65]
Democratic (DFL)Dean Phillips (incumbent) 246,666 55.6
RepublicanKendall Qualls196,62544.3
Total votes443,603 100


Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district, 2022[66]
Democratic (DFL)Dean Phillips (incumbent) 198,883 59.6
RepublicanTom Weiler134,79740.4
Total votes333,921 100
Democratic (DFL) hold

Personal life

Phillips is married and has two daughters from a previous marriage. He is Jewish[67] and was acknowledged by the Minnesota publication The American Jewish World for serving on the board of Temple Israel in Minneapolis.[68]

Phillips’s adoptive paternal grandmother Pauline Phillips was the author of the advice column “Dear Abby“, under the pen name Abigail Van Buren.[69]


  1. ^ “PAGE BY PAGE REPORT DISPLAY FOR 12951451573 (Page 196 of 371)”. Archived from the original on December 25, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  2. ^ “Candidate Conversation – Dean Phillips (DFL) – News & Analysis – Inside Elections”. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  3. ^ Coolican, J. Patrick (May 9, 2017). “Minnesota liquor heir hopes to parlay business career into congressional bid”. Star Tribune. Archived from the original on June 28, 2022. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  4. ^ Monroe, Nancy Weingartner (September 29, 2017). “Dean Philip’s Running For Office While Running Penny’s”. Archived from the original on May 30, 2023. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  5. ^ “Vodka and Gelato Tycoon Challenging Minnesota’s Erik Paulsen”. Roll Call. May 16, 2017. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  6. ^ “Phillips liquor heir, Dear Abby’s grandson launches bid to unseat Congressman Erik Paulsen”. Twin Cities. May 16, 2017. Archived from the original on May 27, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  7. ^ Frazier, Kierra (November 24, 2023). “Dean Phillips announces he won’t seek reelection to Congress”. Politico. Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  8. ^ “In competitive Third District race, Erik Paulsen, Dean Phillips clash at second debate”. AP NEWS. October 5, 2018. Archived from the original on August 14, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  9. ^ “The Wealthiest Members of Congress—And How They Made Their Millions – Fortune”. Archived from the original on March 20, 2022. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  10. ^ John, Arit; McKend, Eva; Pellish, Aaron (October 26, 2023). “House Democrat Dean Phillips launches primary challenge against President Biden”. CNN. Archived from the original on October 27, 2023. Retrieved January 8, 2024.
  11. ^ “Dean Phillips ends presidential campaign and endorses Biden”. NBC News. March 6, 2024. Retrieved March 12, 2024.
  12. ^ “2024 Presidential Primary Delegate Tracker”. USA Today. Retrieved May 19, 2024.
  13. ^ “US election 2024 primaries: follow live results”. The Guardian. Retrieved May 23, 2024.
  14. ^ “MN-03: Dean Phillips (D)”. November 6, 2018. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  15. ^ a b Rivera, Erica (January 24, 2018). “Can charming liquor heir Dean Phillips beat Erik Paulsen, Minnesota’s corporate congressman?”. City Pages. Archived from the original on October 23, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  16. ^ Ward, Ian (October 27, 2023). “55 Things You Need to Know About Dean Phillips”. Politico. Retrieved December 30, 2023.
  17. ^ > “Dean Phillips is Jewish”.
  18. ^ “Dean Phillips”. Archived from the original on October 6, 2021. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  19. ^ a b Mandelbaum, Robb. “He Sold Americans On Small Luxuries Like Gelato. Can He Sell His Minnesota Nice Politics?”. Forbes. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  20. ^ “Democrat Phillips defeats incumbent Paulsen in Minnesota’s Third District”. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  21. ^ “Minnesota Primary Election Results: Third House District”. The New York Times. August 16, 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 20, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  22. ^ “MN Election Results”. Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  23. ^ “Official Canvassing Report”. Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on May 9, 2021. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  24. ^ Orrick, Dave (July 29, 2019). “A black Republican is running for Congress in the metro suburbs. What does he think of Trump?”. Twin Cities Pioneer Press. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  25. ^ “Results for All Congressional Districts”. Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on November 27, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  26. ^ “Minnesota Third Congressional District Election Results”. The New York Times. November 8, 2022. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 31, 2023. Retrieved July 31, 2023.
  27. ^ a b Wiederkehr, Anna; Bycoffe, Aaron (April 22, 2021). “Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?”. FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on November 23, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  28. ^ “The Lugar Center – McCourt School Bipartisan Index House Scores 116th Congress First Session (2019)” (PDF). Georgetown University. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  29. ^ Irwin, Lauren (December 20, 2023). “Phillips endorsing ‘Medicare for All’ legislation”. The Hill. Retrieved December 21, 2023.
  30. ^ Epstein, Reid J.; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (December 20, 2023). “Dean Phillips, an upstart challenger to Biden, embraces ‘Medicare for All’. The New York Times. Retrieved December 21, 2023.
  31. ^ Otterbein, Holly (December 20, 2023). ‘Medicare for All’ bill becomes part of Dean Phillips’s presidential pitch”. Politico. Retrieved December 21, 2023.
  32. ^ “Dean Phillips”. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on September 18, 2023. Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  33. ^ “Members”. New Democrat Coalition. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  34. ^ “Minnesotans in Congress get troubling look at U.S.-Mexico border”. Star Tribune. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  35. ^ Epstein, Reid J. (July 29, 2023). “Rep. Dean Phillips Says He Is Considering a Run Against Biden”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 25, 2023. Retrieved October 6, 2023.
  36. ^ Huynh, Anjali (October 2, 2023). “House Democrat Leaves Leadership Position After Teasing Run Against Biden”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 6, 2023. Retrieved October 6, 2023.
  37. ^ Schneider, Elena; Kashinsky, Lisa (October 27, 2023). “Biden camp plays it cool. But Dean Phillips’ bid is on their radar”. Politico. Archived from the original on October 28, 2023. Retrieved October 28, 2023.
  38. ^ Otterbein, Holly; Schneider, Elena (October 26, 2023). “Rep. Dean Phillips files paperwork for presidential bid against Biden”. Politico. Archived from the original on October 27, 2023. Retrieved October 26, 2023.
  39. ^ “Dean Phillips, Biden’s ‘friendly’ challenger, no longer pulling punches”. Courthouse News. December 11, 2023.
  40. ^ “Biden primary foe Phillips will challenge states where he missed ballot”. Semafor. December 7, 2023.
  41. ^ Schaffer, Michael. “Dean Phillips: I’m Being Blackballed — and It’s Joe Biden’s Fault”. POLITICO. Retrieved June 9, 2024.
  42. ^ Clark, Jeffery. “Biden campaign accused of pressuring liberal media not to ‘platform’ primary challenger Dean Phillips”. FOX News. Retrieved June 9, 2024.
  43. ^ Graham, Steven (October 31, 2023). “Former Biden NH Co-Chair Backs Phillips in FITN Primary”. NH Journal. Retrieved November 1, 2023.
  44. ^ DeWitt, Ethan (January 31, 2023). “Ahead of DNC meeting, tensions mount over New Hampshire’s political future”. New Hampshire Bulletin.
  45. ^ “Dean Phillips with Andrew Yang ‘AI Forum’ at UNH Manchester”. NH Journal. January 16, 2024. Retrieved January 16, 2024.
  46. ^ Lauren Sforza (January 14, 2024). “Billionaire mega-donor Bill Ackman to donate $1M to Biden challenger Dean Phillips”. The Hill. Retrieved January 15, 2024.
  47. ^ “Dean Phillips floats a Cabinet post for Musk or Ackman”. Politico. January 15, 2024. Archived from the original on January 16, 2024. Retrieved January 16, 2024.
  48. ^ Stuart, Tessa (October 27, 2023). “The Man Who Brought You Sarah Palin Has a New Candidate: Dean Phillips”. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 27, 2023. Retrieved October 27, 2023.
  49. ^ Thompson, Alex (January 17, 2024). “Why Bernie’s ex-campaign boss is helping Dean Phillips challenge Biden”. Axios. Archived from the original on January 19, 2024. Retrieved January 18, 2024.
  50. ^ Fortinsky, Sarah (January 23, 2024). “New Hampshire newspaper backs Phillips ahead of primary”. The Hill. Archived from the original on January 23, 2024. Retrieved January 23, 2024.
  51. ^ “The Detroit News”. Retrieved February 9, 2024.
  52. ^ “Here’s the 1 town Biden lost in NH’s Democratic primary (so far)”. NBC Boston.
  53. ^ “California Presidential Primary Election Results 2024: Trump, Biden win”. NBC NEWS. Retrieved May 28, 2024.
  54. ^ “Dean Phillips halts his long-shot presidential bid and endorses President Biden”.
  55. ^ “Democratic presidential nomination, 2024”. Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 21, 2024.
  56. ^ “2024 Presidential Primary Delegate Tracker”. USA Today. Retrieved May 19, 2024.
  57. ^ Askarinam, Leah; Day, Chad. “Dean Phillips gains his first delegates. Here’s why they’ll likely vote for Biden at the convention”. Associated Press. Retrieved May 20, 2024.
  58. ^ “Nebraska Statewide and Presidential Primary Democratic Results”. USA Today.
  59. ^ Ostermeier, Eric. “Dean Phillips Wins Another County”. Smart Politics. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  60. ^ “Oklahoma Presidential Primary Election Results 2024: Trump, Biden win”. NBC NEWS. Retrieved May 27, 2024.
  61. ^ Lin, Clarissa-Jan. “Dean Phillips (finally) drops out, endorses Biden”. MSNBC. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  62. ^ “Missouri 2024 Democratic primary results”. ABC NEWS. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  63. ^ “Democratic Presidential Primary: Missouri Results 2024”. CNN. Retrieved May 27, 2024.
  64. ^ “Unofficial Results Tuesday, August 11, 2020”. Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on September 13, 2020. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  65. ^ “Unofficial Results Tuesday, November 3, 2020”. Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on November 27, 2020. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  66. ^ “2022 General Election – Results for All Congressional Districts”. Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on March 31, 2023. Retrieved January 14, 2023.
  67. ^ “Dean Phillips & The Road To November 2018”. May 30, 2017. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  68. ^ “Dear Abby asked Dean Phillips for advice”. July 25, 2018. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  69. ^ Alberta, Tim (March 8, 2019). “The Democrats’ Dilemma”. Politico. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota’s 3rd congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by

United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by



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